A bunion, also known as ‘hallux valgus’ is a deformity of the big toe in which the big toe excessively angles towards the second toe and leads to a bony lump on the side of the foot. A bunion can be very painful due to pressure or arthritis.
A hammertoe occurs from a muscle and ligament imbalance around the toe joint which causes the middle joint of the toe to bend and become stuck in this position. The most common complaint with hammertoes is rubbing and irritation on the top of the bent toe.
The most common cause of heel pain. The plantar fascia is the flat band of tissue (ligament) that connects your heel bone to your toes. It supports the arch of your foot. If you strain your plantar fascia, it gets weak, swollen, and irritated (inflamed). Then your heel or the bottom of your foot hurts when you stand or walk.
Knee pain is a common problem that can originate in any of the bony structures compromising the knee joint , the kneecap , or the ligaments and cartilage of the knee. Knee pain can be aggravated by exercise affected by the surrounding muscles and their movements, and be triggered by other problems (such as a foot injury). Knee pain can affect people of all ages.
Having flat feet or ‘”fallen arches”, means that your feet have low or no arches and press almost completely flat against the ground.
When you walk, your foot lands on the outer side of the heel first. Your weight then passes along the inner edge of the sole (normal pronation) and then back to the outside of the foot. In cases of over pronation, the body weight stays on the inner edge of the sole, causing pain and discomfort.
Iliotibial (IT) Band Syndrome
The IT band is a thick strip of tissue that runs from the outside of the hips to the outside of the thigh and knee down to the top of your shinbone. If the IT band gets too tight, it can lead to swelling and pain around the knee.
Posterior Tibialis Tendinopathy
This is the tendon that runs down the inside of the lower leg, behind the ankle bone and joins the mid foot. It helps to support the foot arch and ankle. The most common cause is over loading of the tendon. This could be due to weight, muscle growth or excessive training.
Metatarsalgia is a common overuse injury of the ball of your foot. Affected persons may feel sharp, aching or burning pain. This can be due to footwear, gait or training.
Arthritis relates to inflammation of the joints. Symptoms include stiffness and inflammation, which becomes worse with age.