The Achilles tendon is found on the posterior portion of your ankle. It connects the calf muscle to the heel bone allow you to push off in gait. It is a powerful muscle that often gets overused. As a result the tendon begins to get stressed and eventually swelling, inflammation and pain occurs.
These stresses can be due to many factors such as:
- Joint range of motion,
- Activity changes
- Abnormal gait
Many people often feel a sharp pain first thing when they get out of bed in the morning.
It is best to get diagnosed by a podiatrist to be able to determine the cause and diagnose this pathology.
Further diagnostic modalities are useful such as ultrasounds and MRI.
The ways to treat a tendinopathy are to ice and rest after sport or when you feel pain. In addition, over the counter anti-inflammatory are useful to control pain and inflammation.
Lastly, physical therapy such as an exercise/stretching regime prescribed by your podiatrist are very effective. Further additions such as external heel lifts or orthotics can be prescribed to aid in treatment.