Medial tibial stress syndrome also known as shin splints is pain along the shaft of the tibia (shin). This syndrome is often seen in active athletes who participate in activities such as running or high impact sports such as basketball or netball. Shin splints occur when there are high amounts of force placed upon the shin which can be caused by many factors. These forces usually cause micro trauma and overuse by repetitive load. The factors that can increase the chances of shin splints include:
- Flat feet
- Tight Achilles tendon
- Poor footwear
- Poor biomechanics
- Poor running/training surface
Treatment for shin splints is simple as a modification to these factors will be helpful. For example, finding better footwear and softer running surface can prove helpful. Customised orthotics can offload muscles and joints to allow more neutral biomechanics. It is best to see a podiatrist to properly diagnose these symptoms and construct an in depth treatment plan.